Nobel Prize 2018: The Winners



Frances H. Arnold: For the directed evolution of enzymes

George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P Winter: For the phage display of peptides and antibodies


Olga Tokarczuk: For a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life


Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad: For their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict”


Arthur Ashkin: For the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems”

Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland: For their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses”

Physiology or Medicine 

James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo: For their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation”

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