Benjamin List and David MacMillan: For the development of asymmetric organocatalysis
Abdulrazak Gurnah: For his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents
Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov: For their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace
Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann: For the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming
Giorgio Parisi: For the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales
Physiology or Medicine
David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian: For their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch
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